|Title||Kingdom of Morocco : recent economic developments in infrastructure (REDI) : water supply and sanitation sector|
|Year of Publication||2004|
|Authors||World Bank -Washington, DC, US|
|Pagination||viii, 90 p. : 30 fig., 25 tab.|
|Place Published||Washington, DC, USA|
|Keywords||access to sanitation, access to water, economic development, financing, infrastructure, institutional aspects, investment, legislation, morocco, private sector, sanitation, sdiman, sdimed, sdipol, tariffs, water authorities, water supply|
In this report infrastructural needs and services in Morocco's water supply and sanitation sector in urban and rural areas are described. An overview of the economic context and of the sector's organization, institutional and regulatory frameworks, performance, services to the poor, and investment needs is provided. A range of reform options (e.g., tariff structures, contractual and economic regulatory tools) are likely and under discussion in a dialogue with the Government of Morocco.
While mobilizing scarce water resources, developing reliable irrigation and urban water supply services in 1995, the focus of water sector policies shifted to demand management, resource protection, and expansion of service in rural areas. Ambitious objectives are : 1) in urban water supply access to potable water has to be increased from 98 percent of the population today to 100 percent by 2008, non-revenue water has to be reduced from an average of 34 percent to less than 20 percent; 2) in rural water supply access to potable water has to be increased from 50 percent in 2002 to 92 percent by 2007; 3) in pollution control treatment of wastewater loads has to be increased from 7 percent in 2004 to 60 percent by 2010, and to 80 percent by 2015. In addition to these goals, Morocco aims to improve water and sanitation access for the poor. In order to achieve these goals The World Bank proposes detailed support in the form of lending, technical assistance, capacity building, and guarantees to private investors.