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TitleKerala hygiene evaluation study
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1996
AuthorsAlmedom, A, K. Kumary, A, Francis, KA, Mathew, K, Lalachan, PV, Paul, L, Manoharan, B, Nagesh, CK, Nisha, K, Remadevi, OT, Babu, KNSuresh, S. Ammal, V
Paginationviii, 70 p. + annexes (ca. 40 p.) : fig., tab., photogr.
Date Published1996-01-01
PublisherKerala Water Authority, Socio-Economic Units
Place PublishedTrivandrum, India
Keywordsbehaviour, child hygiene, disposal, evaluation methods, excreta, field studies, hand washing, household hygiene, india kerala, latrines, maintenance, objectives, schools, water collection systems, water sources, water supply

The London School of Hygiene and tropical medicine developed a Hygiene Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Handbook consisting of practical guidelines for evaluating water and sanitation related hygiene practices. The draft HEP Handbook is being developed and refined with practical methods and tools for evaluating hygiene practices in the context of water supply and sanitation projects. The HEP handbook was field tested in Kerala. The field testing was carried out in collaboration with the Socio-Economic Units, Kerala. The specific objectives during field testing were as follows for water: a. to locate all existing water sources (direct observations and mapping); b. to assess the existing hygienic conditions of water sources (observation); c. to find out the water collection, storage and handling practices at the source in transit and in the home (direct observations, informal interviews and participatory discussions); and d. to find out the reasons for adopting or not adopting certain hygienic practices (multiple methods). For sanitation (excreta disposal) the specific objectives were: a. to identify the existing sanitary facilities (direct observation, mapping, and health walk); b. to identify the existing domestic hygienic practices; disposal of children's stools; handwashing at critical times; and c. to assess the functionality, use and upkeep of latrines. Three panchayats (Thrikkunnapuzha, Puthenchira and Kuttyattoor) were identified as sites to conduct the study. This report documents the field tests carried out by the Socio-Economic Units, Kerala.

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