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TitleIntegrating water, environment and sanitation hygiene education into family life education (FLE) in schools : the proposed IFLPHHE model : paper prepared for the West Africa Regional Sanitation and Hygiene Symposium, 10-12 Nov 2009, Accra, Ghana
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsOchi, DO
Pagination8 p.; 15 refs.; 1 tab.
Date Published2009-11-10
Place PublishedS.l.
Keywordsadult education, communication, education, health education, household hygiene, hygiene, sdihyg

Many diseases endemic in Nigeria are generally associated with unsatisfactory water supplies, poor sanitation, poor hygiene practices and inadequate health education programs. Studies reveal that the global health consequences of inadequate water supply, sanitation, and hygiene are cases of epidemics of diseases such as cholera, diarrhea, malaria and several million deaths each year, mostly among young persons in developing countries. Despite the importance of sanitation and hygiene education to health, poverty alleviation and environmental protection, it has a low profile compared to related issues for which it is a precursor. A review of existing Family Life Education (FLE) programs in schools revealed the neglect of water, sanitation, environmental health, and hygiene issues. Majority of young persons are not adequately informed about these issues although knowledge is high on HIV and other Reproductive Health (RH) issues. The gains achieved from RH initiatives are negated by water, sanitation and hygiene related morbidity and mortality. The paper proposes the IFLPHHE model (Integrated Family Life Planning, Health and Hygiene Education model) leveraging on existing FLE structures in Nigerian schools to deliver WASH knowledge to young persons thus engendering social diffusion of WASH knowledge in society. It outlines the complex links between water, hygiene, sanitation, health, and livelihoods within the context of selected schools and communities in Jos, Nigeria. The methodology adopted for this Research was Desk/Literature Review, key informant interviews and Focus Group Discussions. This paper is based on a preliminary study and findings leading to the proposition of a strategy that integrates WASH into RH programs in schools.

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