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Integrated water resources management : issues and options in selected African countries

This publication considers the issue of integrated management of water resources in five African countries (Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana and Lesotho). Key issues arising include: i. policy issues; ii. geographic and climatic issues such as spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall and water availability, relief and geo-morphological factors; iii. population distribution and density; iv. lack of water supply and sanitation services as well as infrastructure such as health, education, communication, dams, and irrigation; v. problems in agriculture concerning land ownership and production; vi. poor economic growth rate, disparity in income distribution and GDP share in employment; vii. problems of deforestation, soil destruction, erosion and degradation of water resources and viii. problems pertaining to peace and stability which include civil strife, war and disasters. Some of these issues were discussed under the headings: Co-ordination; Human Resources; Legislation, Policy and Planning; Water Resources Assessment and Information, Water Quality and Climate; Water Scarcity; Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation; Gender and Water Development; Water and Agriculture; Population Pressure; Water and Human Settlements and Regional Co-operation. Among the options considered for promoting Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) were: Institutional and Legal Arrangements for Planning and IWRM; Infrastructure; Appropriate Technology; Private Sector Participation; Community Participation (with emphasis on Gender); Partnership and Governance and Stability. The publication ends with conclusions and recommendations, and includes an annex with best practices and an annex of references to country studies.

TitleIntegrated water resources management : issues and options in selected African countries
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsDonkor, S.M.K., Wolde, Y.
Paginationiv, 71 p. : 3 tab.
Date Published1999-11-01
PublisherUnited Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA)
Place PublishedAddis Ababa, Ethiopia
Keywordsafrica, best practices, case studies, chad, egypt, ethiopia, ghana, integrated approach, lesotho, partnerships, policies, regional level, sdiwrm, water resources management
Abstract

This publication considers the issue of integrated management of water resources in five African countries (Chad, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana and Lesotho). Key issues arising include: i. policy issues; ii. geographic and climatic issues such as spatial and temporal distribution of rainfall and water availability, relief and geo-morphological factors; iii. population distribution and density; iv. lack of water supply and sanitation services as well as infrastructure such as health, education, communication, dams, and irrigation; v. problems in agriculture concerning land ownership and production; vi. poor economic growth rate, disparity in income distribution and GDP share in employment; vii. problems of deforestation, soil destruction, erosion and degradation of water resources and viii. problems pertaining to peace and stability which include civil strife, war and disasters. Some of these issues were discussed under the headings: Co-ordination; Human Resources; Legislation, Policy and Planning; Water Resources Assessment and Information, Water Quality and Climate; Water Scarcity; Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation; Gender and Water Development; Water and Agriculture; Population Pressure; Water and Human Settlements and Regional Co-operation. Among the options considered for promoting Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) were: Institutional and Legal Arrangements for Planning and IWRM; Infrastructure; Appropriate Technology; Private Sector Participation; Community Participation (with emphasis on Gender); Partnership and Governance and Stability. The publication ends with conclusions and recommendations, and includes an annex with best practices and an annex of references to country studies.

Notes73 ref.
Custom 1210, 824

Disclaimer

The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.