In Kenya, the Government intends to provide almost 30 million people with improved water services by the year 2010. However, financial difficulties and other persistent institutional deficiencies are threatening this ambitious programme.
|Title||Institutions, organizations and viable water services : a capacity development model for drinking water provision and production|
|Year of Publication||1998|
|Secondary Title||Publications / Tampere University of Technology|
|Pagination||175 p. : 15 boxes, 43 fig., 46 tab.|
|Publisher||Tampere University of Technology|
|Place Published||Tampere, Finland|
|Keywords||administration, capacity building, decentralization, institutional framework, kenya, literature reviews, models, private sector, questionnaires, revenue collection, safe water supply, sdicap, sdiman, water supply charges|
In Kenya, the Government intends to provide almost 30 million people with improved water services by the year 2010. However, financial difficulties and other persistent institutional deficiencies are threatening this ambitious programme. The main objective of this study is to foster the provision and production of safe, sufficient and affordable drinking water services. A hypothetical future model was constructed to serve as a universally viable institutional instrument for capacity development of water services. The empirical data and model innovation are derived from the Kenyan context. The dynamic model, based on a core vision, is compared with reality in order to provoke debate about the institutional changes needed in the water sector to meet its objectives in the long-term, and about their implementation to foster the self-reliance of the economic infrastructure in Kenya. The soft systems methodology is employed in the study to analyse the nonviability of water systems and its causes in Kenya using a documentation review and a questionnaire on viability and major problems at district level. The document includes key considerations regarding the further development programmes in Kenya, policy considerations regarding development cooperation and an evaluation of the study. Recommendations regarding the changes in institutional structures and the water sector organizational arrangements in Kenya include: improving billing and collection practices and water rates setting to make public and community water supplies financially self-sustaining; introducing three-tiered polycentric governance for the water sector as a policy measure; strengthening the role of private entrepreneurs in the provision of auxiliary services; encouraging the donor community to support institutional change by pursuing innovative management arrangements and focusing on the formulation of a proper formal institutional framework; and strengthening research, education and training to enhance sound management structures and practices in the water sector.
|Notes||Bibliography: p. 160-175|
|Custom 1||202.2, 824|