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This paper has also been published in a journal of water, sanitation, health and environment issued by the Society of Public Health Engineers, Nepal (SOPHEN) on the occasion of World Water Day-2012 (ISSN-2091-0851, Volume 10, Number 1, Page 14-19).

TitleImplementation of the sanitation and hygiene master plan 2011 : oportunities and challenges
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsAdhikari, K
Pagination6 p.
Date Published2012-01-01
Place PublishedS.l.
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, nepal, open defecation

In Nepal, the trend of sanitation promotion has remained inadequate despite stakeholders’ persistent efforts. For
example, the annual increment of sanitation coverage is about 1.9 % over 20 years, which is not sufficient to meet national target of sanitation for all by 2017 A.D. Nepal's country paper for the 2nd South Asian Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN) 2006 shows that nearly 320,000 latrines need to be constructed annually to meet the national target. For this, the present rate of construction must be doubled. It could be said that this situation of sanitation resulted due to stakeholders’ diverse, uneven and fragmented efforts in the absence of inclusive institutional, planning and implementation frameworks. Similarly, the prolonged debate on subsidy for toilet promotion has diluted stakeholders’ efforts though some support/incentive to communities has helped leverage local resources for expanding sanitation coverage. Still 57 % of people lack access to sanitation/toilet. The traditionally held open defecation practice has kept people’s health, dignity and development in peril. Hence, the country bears a loss of about 10 billion rupees annually in terms of health expenses, loss of productivity and decline in tourism caused by poor sanitation condition. Nepal's losses (in tourism) due to the perception of poor toilet facilities amount to an estimated 5.7 million
dollars each year. What impression will it give to global communities as Nepal has presented its land
as the decent tourist destination? This situation therefore strongly demanded enabling environment and strategic
steps to enhance coordination, build stakeholders’ alliance, synchronize diverse efforts, maintain uniformity and
standard in program and support modalities, capacitate grass-root level stakeholders, optimally utilize local
resources, strengthen grass-root level institutions and ultimately reduce dependency through common vision,
unified planning and implementation and collective result framework. The Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan
2011 was therefore formulated to address these issues. [authors abstract]

NotesWith 5 references
Custom 1824



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