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TitleHappiness on tap : piped water adoption in urban Morocco
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsDevoto, F, Duflo, E, Dupas, P, Parienté, W, Pons, V
Secondary TitleInstitut de recherches économiques et sociales (IRES) de l'Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL) Discussion Paper
Volume2011 - 13
Pagination39 p.; 11 tab.; 1 fig.
Date Published2011-04-01
PublisherInstitut de recherches économiques et sociales (IRES) de l' Université Catholique de Louvain (UCL)
Place PublishedLouvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Keywordsaccess to water, morocco tangiers, urban areas, urban communities, water use

The demand for household water connections in urban Morocco, and the effect of such connections on household welfare has been studied. In the northern city of Tangiers, among homeowners without a private connection to the city’s water grid, a random subset was offered a simplified procedure to purchase a household connection on credit (at a zero percent interest rate). Take-up was high, at 69%. Because all households in the used sample had access to the water grid through free public taps (often located fairly close to their homes), household connections did not lead to any improvement in the quality of the water
households consumed; and despite significant increase in the quantity of water consumed, there is no change in the incidence of waterborne illnesses found. Nevertheless, there has been found that households are willing to pay a substantial amount of money to have a private tap at home. Being connected generates important time gains, which are used for leisure and social activities, rather than productive activities. Because water is often a source of tension between households, household connections improve social integration and reduce conflict. Overall, within 6 months, self-reported well-being improved substantially among
households in the treatment group, despite the financial cost of the connection. Our results suggest that facilitating access to credit for households to finance lump sum quality-of-life investments can significantly increase welfare, even if those investments do not result in income or health gains. [authors abstract]

NotesWith references on p. 24 - 25
Custom 1262.0


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