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Guidelines for the safe use of urine and faeces in ecological sanitation systems

The focus of this EcoSanRes report is on treatment and handling of faeces and urine, accounting for current information of risk management and circumscribing to a source-separation strategy.
The report deals subsequently with the following issues: disease-causing micro-organisms in excreta; environmental transmission routes; regulations and guidelines in relation to the risks; treatments to sanitize excreta; practical recommendations in relation to agricultural use; alternative uses of urine and faeces; aquaculture; identified needs for further investigations and knowledge gaps; and identified needs to adapt guidelines to local conditions. It concludes with recommendations on ecological sanitation toilets; on treatment and use of urine and faeces; and it addresses some practical aspects.

TitleGuidelines for the safe use of urine and faeces in ecological sanitation systems
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsSchönning, C., Stenstrom, T.A.
Secondary TitleEcoSanRes Publications Series
Series Volume2004-1
Paginationiii, 38 p. : fig. tab.
Date Published2004-01-01
PublisherStockholm Environment Institute (SEI)
Place PublishedStockholm, Sweden
ISSN Number9188714934
Keywordsaquaculture, composting, crop production, ecological sanitation, excreta treatment, excreta use, guidelines, heat treatment, pathogens, recommendations, recycling, sdisan, urine, urine treatment
Abstract

The focus of this EcoSanRes report is on treatment and handling of faeces and urine, accounting for current information of risk management and circumscribing to a source-separation strategy.
The report deals subsequently with the following issues: disease-causing micro-organisms in excreta; environmental transmission routes; regulations and guidelines in relation to the risks; treatments to sanitize excreta; practical recommendations in relation to agricultural use; alternative uses of urine and faeces; aquaculture; identified needs for further investigations and knowledge gaps; and identified needs to adapt guidelines to local conditions. It concludes with recommendations on ecological sanitation toilets; on treatment and use of urine and faeces; and it addresses some practical aspects.

NotesIncluding references
Custom 1350, 352.2
Original PublicationRecommandations pour un usage sans risques de l'urine et des matieres fecales dans les systemes d'assainissement ecologique

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The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.