The book is the revised and updated edition of an earlier IRC/PROWWESS/UNDP publication: Participation of women in water supply and sanitation : roles and realities (1985) which is now out of print. Those sections that are still valid have been retained.
|Gender in water resources management, water supply and sanitation : roles and realities revisited
|Year of Publication
|van Wijk-Sijbesma, CA
|Technical paper series / IRC
|xii, 200 p. : 7 boxes, 24 fig., 6 tab.
|The Hague, The Netherlands
|gender, hygiene, institutional aspects, literature reviews, policies, safe water supply, sanitation, sdigen, water resources management, women
The book is the revised and updated edition of an earlier IRC/PROWWESS/UNDP publication: Participation of women in water supply and sanitation : roles and realities (1985) which is now out of print. Those sections that are still valid have been retained. Now, however, the text has been placed in the context of overall water resources management and made gender - instead of women-specific. It has been expanded to cover recent literature, providing an overview of gender developments in water supply and sanitation in the context of water resources management from 1980 to 1997.
This book investigates how gender is present in the newly emerging principles on the sustainable management of water resources. The book also reviews how these genderspecified principles are currently applied in the water supply, sanitation and hygiene sector. Operationalization has developed farthest in new drinking water supply services. Participation of women alongside men in planning, design, maintenance and management has brought distinct benefits to the functioning and use of the systems and created more equal chances for training and functions of women and men. Yet a true gender balance, in which benefits, burdens and control are shared equitably for optimal service sustainability and development results remains to be achieved. In comparison, sanitation development and management lag behind. Yet improved sanitation has tremendous benefits in that it prevents the contamination of water and soil and improves public health.
A gender approach in sanitation recognizes and responds to male-female differences in demand, work and opportunities in the different population strata. It helps redress the sanitation imbalance and offers new chances for men and women to jointly manage their own environment and programmes. While women have initially been bypassed in modern water and sanitation management, men have been neglected in hygiene improvements.
In a gender approach in hygiene education the division of work, resources and decision-making between men and women is investigated and each sex is addressed on their own areas of authority, skills and responsibility. This prevents that additional and unpaid hygiene work goes only to women and girls and responsibilitilies of men for work, resource provision and own behaviour chance are overlooked.
The use of a simple gender analysis instrument, which is described in the book’s first chapter, has helped in analysing the above developments and is recommended for mainstreaming gender as part of programme planning, appraisal and monitoring and evaluation.
Bibliography: p. 153 -200
|Participation of women in water supply and sanitation : roles and realities