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Fluoride in drinking water

This monograph on fluoride in drinking water for health workers and sanitary engineers focuses on the removal of excessive fluoride. The monograph begins with an overview on fluoride occurrence, geochemistry and exposure, followed by an assessment of human health risks of fluoride including skeletal and dental fluorosis. It then briefly discusses the derivation and application of the 1996 World Health Organization (WHO) guideline value (1.5 mg/l) for fluorides in water. The chapter on removal of excessive fluoride introduces the basic characterization of the removal methods. Then the most promising defluoridation methods are presented, one by one: bone charcoal, contact precipitation, Nalgonda, activated alumina and clay. It then gives an overview of the most commonly used primary analytical methods for laboratory determination of total fluoride in drinking-water. Finally the monograph provides a synthesis of reported information on fluoride exposure on a country-by-country basis. It outlines the health effects, fluoride levels recorded in drinking-water and also, where details are available, mitigation measures that have been used.

TitleFluoride in drinking water
Publication TypeBook
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsFawell, J., Bailey, K., Chilton, J., Dahi, E., Fewtrell, L., Magara, Y.
Paginationx, 134 p. : fig., tab.
Date Published2006-01-01
PublisherWorld Health Organization (WHO)
Place PublishedGeneva, Switzerland
ISBN Number9241563192
Keywordsalum, bones, charcoal, chemical precipitation, chemical quality, dental health, design criteria, fluoridation, fluoride removal, fluorides, health hazards, lime, nalgonda technique, quality guidelines, sdiwat, treatment costs
Abstract

This monograph on fluoride in drinking water for health workers and sanitary engineers focuses on the removal of excessive fluoride. The monograph begins with an overview on fluoride occurrence, geochemistry and exposure, followed by an assessment of human health risks of fluoride including skeletal and dental fluorosis. It then briefly discusses the derivation and application of the 1996 World Health Organization (WHO) guideline value (1.5 mg/l) for fluorides in water. The chapter on removal of excessive fluoride introduces the basic characterization of the removal methods. Then the most promising defluoridation methods are presented, one by one: bone charcoal, contact precipitation, Nalgonda, activated alumina and clay. It then gives an overview of the most commonly used primary analytical methods for laboratory determination of total fluoride in drinking-water. Finally the monograph provides a synthesis of reported information on fluoride exposure on a country-by-country basis. It outlines the health effects, fluoride levels recorded in drinking-water and also, where details are available, mitigation measures that have been used.

NotesIncludes references and index
Custom 1257, 203.3

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The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.