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Fecal contamination of drinking-water in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Access to safe drinking-water is a fundamental requirement for good health and is also a human right. Global access to safe drinking-water is monitored by WHO and UNICEF using as an indicator “use of an improved source,” which does not account for water quality measurements. Our objectives were to determine whether water from “improved” sources is less likely to contain fecal contamination than “unimproved” sources and to assess the extent to which contamination varies by source type and setting. [authors abstract]

TitleFecal contamination of drinking-water in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBain, R.E.S., Cronk, R., Wright, J., Yang, J., Slaymaker, T., Bartram, J.
Volume11
Issue5
Pagination23 p.,1 Box., 4 fig., 4 tab., 15-22 Ref.,
Date Published05/2014
PublisherPLoS Medicine
Place Publisheds.l.
Type of ArticleJournal
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsglobal health, meta analysis, sanitation, urban areas, water quality monitoring, water surface
Abstract

Access to safe drinking-water is a fundamental requirement for good health and is also a human right. Global access to safe drinking-water is monitored by WHO and UNICEF using as an indicator “use of an improved source,” which does not account for water quality measurements. Our objectives were to determine whether water from “improved” sources is less likely to contain fecal contamination than “unimproved” sources and to assess the extent to which contamination varies by source type and setting. [authors abstract]

DOI10.1371/journal.pmed.1001644

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The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.