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Evaluating and improving the WASH sector: strengthening WASH governance, learning about complexity, assessing change

This paper is a literature review of three paradigms of development interventions and the methodologies of assessment that evaluate their contributions to improving lives. The approach and methods of evaluation of each paradigm - the causal chain and evidence-based evaluations; black boxes and realistic evaluations; and complex adaptive systems, complexity evaluations and change assessment - are first described, followed by examples of their application (in whole or in part) in water, sanitation and hygiene interventions. In taking stock of the complex environs where water, sanitation and hygiene interventions are being operationalised, the literature review concludes with the need to employ multiple methods of evaluation and to enlarge the mechanistic notion of monitoring and evaluation processes as funding requirements to also include a reflection and learning process that aids in the improvement and development of more robust interventions.  

TitleEvaluating and improving the WASH sector: strengthening WASH governance, learning about complexity, assessing change
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsGarandeau, R., Casella, D., Bostoen, K.
Secondary TitleThematic overview paper/ IRC
Volume23
Pagination98 p.
Date Published2009-06-01
PublisherIRC
Place PublishedThe Hague
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordsevaluation, evaluation methods, funding agencies, hygiene, monitoring, sanitation, sdiman, water supply
Abstract

This paper is a literature review of three paradigms of development interventions and the methodologies of assessment that evaluate their contributions to improving lives. The approach and methods of evaluation of each paradigm - the causal chain and evidence-based evaluations; black boxes and realistic evaluations; and complex adaptive systems, complexity evaluations and change assessment - are first described, followed by examples of their application (in whole or in part) in water, sanitation and hygiene interventions. In taking stock of the complex environs where water, sanitation and hygiene interventions are being operationalised, the literature review concludes with the need to employ multiple methods of evaluation and to enlarge the mechanistic notion of monitoring and evaluation processes as funding requirements to also include a reflection and learning process that aids in the improvement and development of more robust interventions.  

Notes

Bibliography: p. 86-97 - Includes glossary

Custom 1

202.5, 302.5

Disclaimer

The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.