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TitleDomestic water service delivery indicators and frameworks for monitoring, evaluation, policy and planning : a review
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsKayser, GL, Moriarty, PB, Fonseca, C, Bartram, J
Paginationp. 4812 - 4835; 4 fig.; 3 tab.
Date Published2013-10-11
PublisherMolecular Diversity Preservation International, Water Editorial Office, MDPI
Place PublishedBasel, Switzerland
Keywordsaccess to water, drinking water, human rights, indicators, institutional framework, literature reviews, monitoring, poverty, service delivery

Monitoring of water services informs policy and planning for national governments and the international community. Currently, the international monitoring system measures the type of drinking water source that households use. There have been calls for improved monitoring systems over several decades, some advocating use of multiple indicators. The literature on water service indicators and frameworks with a view to informing debate on their relevance to national and international monitoring is reviewed. Described is the evidence concerning the relevance of each identified indicator to public health, economic development and human rights. We analyze the benefits and challenges of using these indicators separately and combined in an index as tools for planning, monitoring, and evaluating water services. Substantial evidence is found on the importance of each commonly recommended indicator—service type, safety, quantity, accessibility, reliability or continuity of service, equity, and affordability. Several frameworks have been proposed that give structure to the relationships among individual indicators and some combine multiple indicator scores into a single index but few have been rigorously tested. More research is needed to understand if employing a composite metric of indicators is advantageous and how each indicator might be scored and scaled. [authors abstract]


With 92 references on p. 4829 - 4835

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