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TitleDomestic private sector participation in Peru : sanitation markets at the bottom of the pyramid : a win-win scenario for government, the private sec...
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsBaskovich, MR
Secondary TitleLearning note / WSP
Pagination8 p.; 6 fig.; 5 photographs
Date Published2011-07-01
PublisherWater and Sanitation Program (WSP), WSP
Place PublishedWashington, DC, USA
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, economic aspects, economic development, peru, sustainable development

Peru has benefitted from macroeconomic stability and growth in the last few years. At the same time, it also presents important contradictions in terms of unresolved access to basic sanitation. This is characterized by an on-going gap that reflects the high levels of inequity between rural and urban coverage; unused services and low levels of customer satisfaction with current sanitation solutions, and unsustainable and inefficient public investments. During the 1990s, the Peruvian Government allocated US$ 833 million to the water and sanitation sector, representing an important increase over previous decades. Only 15 percent (US$ 123 million), though, was allocated to rural areas and small towns. Likewise, in the last four years (2006 to 2010) the government allocated the highest amount of budget in Peruvian history for water and sanitation, roughly US$ 2 billion for improving access in urban areas, and again without explicitly prioritizing the poor. Despite this historic investment, only 54 percent was executed. Despite of the important infrastructure investments of the last 20 years, significant gaps remain, as well as the need to address quality and sustainable sanitation service. Moreover, it has not impacted the improvement of health and environment-related indicators. According to the National Statistics Institute, while national sanitation coverage has increased by 20 percent (1993-2007), in the same period the percentage of prevalence of chronic malnutrition in children under five years old has decreased by 9 percent and that of diarrhea by only 5 percent. [authors abstract]

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