Skip to main content
TitleDoes improved sanitation reduce diarrhea in children in rural India?
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsKumar, S, Vollmer, S
Secondary TitleMunich Personal RePEc Archive [MPRA] paper
Pagination30 p.; 2 fig.; 6 tab.
Date Published2011-03-21
PublisherMunich Personal RePEc Archive [MPRA]
Place PublishedMunchen, Germany
Keywordschild health, diarrhoeal diseases, india, morbidity, sanitation, water

Nearly nine million children under five years of age die annually. Diarrhea is considered to be the second leading cause of Under-5 mortality in developing countries. About one out of five deaths are caused by diarrhea. In this paper, we use the newly available data set DLHS-3 to quantify the impact of access to improved sanitation on diarrheal morbidity for children under five years of age in India. Using Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and propensity-based weighted regression, we find that access to improved sanitation reduces the risk of contracting diarrhea. Access to improved sanitation decreases child diarrhea incidence by 2.2 percentage points. There is considerable heterogeneity in the impacts of improved sanitation. We neither find statistically significant treatment effects for children in poor household nor for girls, however, boys and high socioeconomic status (SES) children experienced larger treatment effects. The results show that it is important to complement public policies on sanitation with policies that alleviate poverty, improve parent's education and promote gender equity.[authors abstract]

NotesWith bibliography on p. 18 - 21
Custom 1303



The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.

Back to
the top