|Title||Developing and monitoring protocol for the elimination of open defecation in Sub-Saharan Africa|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Thomas, A, Jane, B|
This paper reviews the process and protocol for defining, reporting, declaring, certifying open defecation free (ODF) and sustaining ODF, highlighting where the process varies between countries and potential determinants of sustainability within the process itself. Critical questions include what elements (should) constitute an ODF protocol, what are the determinants of sustainability and what impact does target-setting have on achievement of ODF goals in a country?