This paper describes a methodology to design feasible interventions to improve weaning food hygiene practices of families living in extreme poverty.
|Title||Designing educational messages to improve weaning food hygiene practices of families living in poverty|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||1997|
|Authors||Huttly, SRA, Monte, CMG, Ashworth, A, Nations, MK, Lima, AA, Barreto, A|
|Pagination||p. 1453-1464 : 4 tab.|
|Keywords||behaviour, disadvantaged groups, food hygiene, health education, infants, instructional aids, sdihyg|
This paper describes a methodology to design feasible interventions to improve weaning food hygiene practices of families living in extreme poverty. Educational messages to promote specific behavioural changes were defined and tested by utilizing a combination of ethnographic, survey and observational methods, and integrating viewpoints and suggestions of mothers and caretakers into the decision-making process. This new approach culminated in a household trial in which five groups, each of 15 non-practicing mothers, were invited to adopt defined behaviours (handwashing before and after defined events, boiling water for reconstituting powdered milk, feeding gruel by spoon rather than bottle-feeding, not storing gruels and milk, and all four together). All initiated the advocated behaviours and most (53-80%) sustained the new behaviours and practiced them every time during a one-month period. Of the four advocated behaviours, spoon-feeding was the most difficult to adopt wholly. The methodology was developed in response to the high priority given to reducing weaning food contamination for diarrhoeal disease control, and the lack of any existing methodology of defining appropriate educational interventions in resource-poor regions. This approach, with its combination of qualitative and quantitative methods and community focus, is recommended for future studies to design hygiene and other health education interventions in developing countries. (journal's abstract)