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Defining local needs : a community-based diagnostic survey in Ethiopia

This article describes a diagnostic survey used to determine whether the Oxfam sponsored development programmes of Ethiopia's Dubbo Catholic Mission (mother and child health services and water supply) were appropriate for communities not previously involved; namely, Dangara Salata and Dangara Madelcho PAs. The survey identified the communities' main problems as constraints on agricultural production caused by high population pressure, high rainfall variability, limited land holdings, crop pests diseases, loss of soil fertility, lack of oxen; and health problems such as a clean water supply, communicable diseases, malnutrition, diarrhoea, and the distance to the closest clinic. When ranking these problems by gender, it was found that women's priorities were associated with their heaviest work: fetching water and grinding and that an accessible health institution was also a priority; whereas, the men's groups felt that water and health were major problems, after fertiliser. The greatest needs of the people, a safe and adequate water supply and a health facility, were identified by the survey and a health committee was formed in January 1994 to begin to alleviate these problems.

TitleDefining local needs : a community-based diagnostic survey in Ethiopia
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsKassa, Y., Tadele, F.
Paginationp. 248-251
Date Published1995-08-01
Keywordsagriculture, baseline studies, child health, ethiopia wollayita region bolosso suri district, maternal health, programmes, rapid rural appraisals, safe water supply, surveys, villages, women's work
Abstract

This article describes a diagnostic survey used to determine whether the Oxfam sponsored development programmes of Ethiopia's Dubbo Catholic Mission (mother and child health services and water supply) were appropriate for communities not previously involved; namely, Dangara Salata and Dangara Madelcho PAs. The survey identified the communities' main problems as constraints on agricultural production caused by high population pressure, high rainfall variability, limited land holdings, crop pests diseases, loss of soil fertility, lack of oxen; and health problems such as a clean water supply, communicable diseases, malnutrition, diarrhoea, and the distance to the closest clinic. When ranking these problems by gender, it was found that women's priorities were associated with their heaviest work: fetching water and grinding and that an accessible health institution was also a priority; whereas, the men's groups felt that water and health were major problems, after fertiliser. The greatest needs of the people, a safe and adequate water supply and a health facility, were identified by the survey and a health committee was formed in January 1994 to begin to alleviate these problems.

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The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.