Paper written for the Asia regional sanitation and hygiene practitioners workshop in Dhaka, Ban
|Decentralized institutional mechanisms for mainstreaming efforts of concerned stakeholders of basic sanitation coverage in Nepal
|Year of Publication
|Poudel, B, Adhikari, K, Bastola, R
|6 p.; 1 fig.
The Government of Nepal recently approved the Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan 2011(SHMP-2011) to boost the National Goal of basic sanitation for all by 2017. It took a considerable time to formulate and get it approved since the country had committed itself to develop this Master Plan in SACOSAN-III in 2003. Despite continued efforts of the government, donors and other stakeholders, the present sanitation coverage of the country is merely 43% and the trend of sanitation promotion is slow (NMIP 2010). Achieving the National Goal by 2017 seems a herculean task given the ongoing pace and progress. Unlike traditionally run top-down modalities, the SHMP-2011 mainstreams the efforts of concerned stakeholders through local government leadership at various levels. SHMP-2011 is developed as a key strategic document based on wider sectoral learning and proven approaches. SHMP-2011 has set nine guiding principles. The unique feature of the SHMP-2011 is that it has recognized the multi-stakeholder collaboration and campaign approach in total sanitation promotion and introduced different strategic coordinating bodies/institutions at central, regional, district, municipality and Village Development Committee levels. These allow alliance building among inter and intra- sectoral stakeholders as well as comparison and learning across districts/regions. Building adequate local capacity and timely activation of coordinating bodies in the different administrative regions for collaborative actions would be a key challenge for effective implementation of the SHMP-2011. However, there are more opportunities than challenges for local bodies at different administrative regions for effective collaboration to achieve institutional, financial, technological and social sustainability of sanitation actions as envisioned by the SHMP-2011. [authors abstract ]
With 5 references