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TitleCost recovery in urban water services : select experiences in Indian cities
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsWater and Sanitation Program - East Asia and the Pacific -Jakarta, ID, WSP-EAP
Secondary TitleTechnical paper / WSP
Pagination32 p.; photographs
Date Published2011-03-01
PublisherWater and Sanitation Program, WSP
Place PublishedNew Delhi, India
Keywordsaccess to water, cost recovery, india, urban communities

India’s Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) requires urban water service providers to recover the costs of their services through “reasonable user charges”. Internationally, the trend is for tariffs to cover the full costs of water supply and sanitation, including capital replacement and the remuneration of equity. In India, however, tariffs generally fall far short of recovering costs; even in as far as they attempt to do so, the common practice is one of operational cost recovery, and tariffs do not take into account capital costs. Box 1 elaborates on the difference between these approaches. Setting adequate tariffs and improving tariff practice would
therefore have to be part of urban service delivery reform. This field note argues, however, that even while tariff reform is still in progress, service providers could improve cost recovery considerably by introducing more efficient operational practices. The evidence shows that—even at existing tariff levels—none of the cities included in the study achieves its revenue, and some are as much as 80 percent below their potential. Greater efficiency can go a long way to redressing this problem, and improving service delivery and cost recovery. [authors abstract]

NotesWith 5 references
Custom 1202.90, 822




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