In Ethiopia, prioritising access to groundwater, supported by responsive and proactive operation and maintenance, increases rural water supply resilience.
|Title||Comparative performance of rural water supplies during drought|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2020|
|Authors||MacAllister, DJ, MacDonald, AM, Kebede, S, Godfrey, S, Calow, R|
|Secondary Title||Nature Communications|
|Pagination||1-13 : 7 fig. 1 tab.|
As rural African communities experience more frequent and extreme droughts, it is increasingly important that water supplies are climate resilient. Using a unique temporal dataset we explore rural water supply (n = 5196) performance during the 2015–16 drought in Ethiopia. Mean functionality ranged from 60% for motorised boreholes to 75% for hand-pumped boreholes. Real-time monitoring and responsive operation and maintenance led to rapid increases in functionality of hand-pumped and, to a lesser extent, motorised boreholes. Increased demand was placed on motorised boreholes in lowland areas as springs, hand-dug-wells and open sources failed. Most users travelled >1 h to access motorised boreholes but 30 m) groundwater performed best during the drought. Prioritising access to groundwater via multiple improved sources and a portfolio of technologies, such as hand-pumped and motorised boreholes, supported by responsive and proactive operation and maintenance, increases rural water supply resilience. [author abstract]
Includes 64 ref.
|Short Title||Nature Communications|