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TitleCommunal toilets in urban poverty pockets : use and user satisfaction associated with seven communal toilet facilities in Bhopal, India
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsBiran, A, Jenkins, M
Pagination27 p.; 17 tab.; 2 fig.
Date Published2010-04-01
Place PublishedNew Delhi, India
Keywordsaccess to sanitation, india, india madhya pradesh bhopal, low-income communities, poverty, public toilets, urban areas, urban communities

During november 2008 an exploratory study was carried out in seven poverty pockets in Bhopal to look at patterns of use of communal latrine facilities. Poverty pockets were selected so as to include three different models of communal latrine management (municipal, Sulabh pay-to- use and community managed pay-to-use) and to cover settlements of different size. Data were collected by enumerators from a local NGO, the Advocacy of Alternative Resources, Action, Mobilization and Brotherhood (AARAMBH), using structured interview schedules. Exit interviews were carried out on a sample of 1692 latrine facility users of whom approximately 50% were women. Data were also collected from respondents during 352 household interviews in order to collect data from non-users of facilities. Approximately 50 households were selected from each of the poverty pockets using a ‘random walk’ procedure. Tallies of the total number of users between 05.00 and 21.00 were recorded for one day at each facility. Locations of facilities and households were recorded using a handheld GPS and these data were used to calculate a proxy indicator of the straight line distance between houses and the nearest communal latrine facility. [authors abstract]

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