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Child labour and access to basic services : evidence from five countries

This paper investigates the link between child labour and water and electricity access in five countries - El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Morocco and Yemen. The role of access to basic services has largely been neglected in analyses of the determinants of child labour. The availability of these services can affect the value of children's time and, concomitantly, household decisions concerning how this time is allocated between school and work. Employing an econometric methodology based on propensity scores for dealing with the potential endogeneity of access to water and electricity, average treatment effects for water and electricity access on children's activities are presented. The marginal effects of water and electricity access on children's activities obtained by estimating a bivariate probit model are also examined. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is presented designed to check the robustness of the conclusions concerning the causal relationship between water and electricity access and children's activities.

TitleChild labour and access to basic services : evidence from five countries
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsGuarcello, L., Lyon, S., Rosati, F.
EditionDraft
Pagination57 p. : fig., tab.
Date Published2004-01-01
PublisherWorld Bank
Place PublishedNew York, NY, USA
Keywordsaccess to water, children, education, el salvador, electricity, ghana, guatemala, labour, methodology, morocco, research, uebw, yemen
Abstract

This paper investigates the link between child labour and water and electricity access in five countries - El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Morocco and Yemen. The role of access to basic services has largely been neglected in analyses of the determinants of child labour. The availability of these services can affect the value of children's time and, concomitantly, household decisions concerning how this time is allocated between school and work. Employing an econometric methodology based on propensity scores for dealing with the potential endogeneity of access to water and electricity, average treatment effects for water and electricity access on children's activities are presented. The marginal effects of water and electricity access on children's activities obtained by estimating a bivariate probit model are also examined. Finally, a sensitivity analysis is presented designed to check the robustness of the conclusions concerning the causal relationship between water and electricity access and children's activities.

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The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.