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TitleThe challenge of reducing non-revenue water (NRW) in developing countries : how the private sector can help : a look at performance-based service contracting
Publication TypeWorking Paper
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsKingdom, B, Liemberger, R, Marin, P
Secondary TitleWater Supply and Sanitation Sector Board discussion paper series
Volumeno. 8
Paginationvii, 40. p. : 4 fig., 6 tab.
Date Published12/2006
PublisherWorld Bank
Place PublishedWashington, DC, USA
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordscost recovery, financing, sdiman, water costs, water supply charges

The study gives a global overview of the situation of the considerable waste of resources resulting from high non-revenue water (NRW) levels in developing countries. It illustrates what it means in terms of foregone services to new consumers and the financial costs to utilities and gives the reasons why reducing levels of NRW has not already been tackled. Options for assistance of the private sector, ranging from delegated management contracts to service contracts, limited subcontracting of specific activities, or both are discussed. The study argues that short of delegated management to the private a new alternative for private sector involvement, performance-based service contracting, holds good potential in the context of developing countries for reducing NRW levels. In this report, a number of case studies, taken from some of the largest and most recent performance-based NRW contracts, are studied and discussed in terms of their technical and financial performance. Lessons learned from the case studies are analyzed, showing the potential benefits of NRW performance-based service contracting with the private sector.


Includes references

Custom 1


Citation Key60326


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