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Hygiene papers

One of the full papers presented at the South Asia Hygiene practitioners’ workshop, 1 – 4 February 2010, Dhaka, Bangladesh. The workshop is organised by BRAC, WaterAid, WSSCC, and IRC and is part of five learning and sharing workshops on sanitation and hygiene organised in 2009 and 2010.

TitleBeyond tippy-taps : the role of enabling products role in scaling up and sustaining handwashing
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsDevine, J
Pagination9 p. : 3 fig., 2 photogr.
Date Published2010-02-01
PublisherWater and Sanitation Program, WSP
Place PublishedWashington, DC, USA
Keywordsaccess to water, hand washing, health education, public wash-stands, sdihyg, soap

This article summarizes findings from the Water and Sanitation’s Global Scaling Up Handwashing Project and other research that suggest that convenient access to water and soap when and where needed and having a designated place for hand washing with soap are important determinants for hand washing. Enabling products such as hand washing stations provide such a designated place in addition to an environmental cue to action and a stable context for hand washing, factors that literature highlight as critical for habits to form and be maintained. WSP is currently conducting a landscape of enabling products and many identified to date are tippy-taps. However, the learning from a design consultancy for a hand washing station for rural Vietnamese households is that appearances may matter and that designing features that take into account user preferences and usual practices is essential. Findings resulting from planned case studies on selected enabling products and the outcomes from the Scaling Up Handwashing Project in the next 12-18 months will reveal whether mass-produced and commercially distributed products have the potential to scale up and sustain hand washing.


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