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TitleBenchmarking local government performance on rural sanitation : learning from Himachal Pradesh, India
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKumar, CA, Singh, U
Pagination5 p. : 3 fig., 2 tab.
Date Published2010-04-01
PublisherWater and Sanitation Program - South Asia
Place PublishedNew Delhi, India
Keywordsbenchmarking, india himachal pradesh, monitoring, open defecation, sdiasi, sdiman, use of facilities

Open defecation is a traditional behavior in rural India. Conventional rural sanitation programs have been based on the assumption that people defecate in the open because they are too poor to afford the cost of constructing a toilet. Therefore, subsidies for upfront capital costs were provided to generate demand for “sanitation,” interpreted narrowly as a pour-flush toilet. These programs increased the reported coverage of household toilets but had a poor record with respect to toilet usage, cost-effectiveness, and sustainability. [authors abstract]

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