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Applicability of artificial recharge of groundwater in Mojo, Ethiopia

Increasing water demand due to increasing population is resulting in water crises in many arid and semi-arid lands. Artificial recharge of groundwater supplies is one method of alleviating the crisis and supplying growing demands in the future. This report is a feasibility study for groundwater recharge in the town of Mojo, Ethiopia. The town is experiencing rapid growth since it was recently appointed a district capital, and two large factories were constructed. Groundwater is the main water source, provided by three deep wells located two kilometers outside the town. The aquifer technical characteristics are fully described. Infiltrometer tests were run with piped and river water. River water was suggested as the recharge source due to difficulties in channeling and storage of runoff. An economic analysis favored a gravity system of water transport. Biochemical analyses of the water quality are also included.

TitleApplicability of artificial recharge of groundwater in Mojo, Ethiopia
Publication TypeMiscellaneous
Year of Publication1991
AuthorsMesfin, L.
Secondary TitlePublication Series B / Tampere University of Technology
Volumeno. 47
Pagination: 20 fig., 23 tab.
Date Published1991-01-01
PublisherTampere University of Technology, Institute of Water and Environmental Engineeri
Place PublishedTampere, Finland
ISBN Number9517217625
Keywordsartificial recharge, costs, ethiopia, ethiopia shoa mojo, feasibility studies, hydrogeology, rivers, urban areas, water quality
Abstract

Increasing water demand due to increasing population is resulting in water crises in many arid and semi-arid lands. Artificial recharge of groundwater supplies is one method of alleviating the crisis and supplying growing demands in the future. This report is a feasibility study for groundwater recharge in the town of Mojo, Ethiopia. The town is experiencing rapid growth since it was recently appointed a district capital, and two large factories were constructed. Groundwater is the main water source, provided by three deep wells located two kilometers outside the town. The aquifer technical characteristics are fully described. Infiltrometer tests were run with piped and river water. River water was suggested as the recharge source due to difficulties in channeling and storage of runoff. An economic analysis favored a gravity system of water transport. Biochemical analyses of the water quality are also included.

NotesM.Sc. thesis. - 35 ref.
Custom 1212.2, 824

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The copyright of the documents on this site remains with the original publishers. The documents may therefore not be redistributed commercially without the permission of the original publishers.