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Using the Life-Cycle Cost Approach to understand the rural WASH budget.

TitleAnalysis of rural WASH budget : findings from 4 Gram Panchayats of Ganjam district in Odisha, India
Publication TypeWorking Paper
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsShiva, R, Saha, S
Secondary TitleDecentralised Public Finance for WASH: Policy and Practice Learnings
Pagination29 p. : 21 fig., 5 tab.
Date Published07/2021
PublisherIRC/Watershed, Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA), and WaterAid India
Place PublishedNew Delhi, India
Publication LanguageEnglish

This paper is a product of the Watershed Empowering Citizens programme (2016-2020). The data for this paper was collected during the course of the programme and analysed in January 2021. 

The paper comprises of two parts, namely – Part 1: Allocations and Expenditure on Rural WASH, and Part 2: Using the Life-Cycle Cost Approach to understand the Rural WASH budget. As the name suggests, Part I analyses the trends in allocation and expenditure on rural water and sanitation over four years in 4 Gram Panchayats (GPs) - Agastinuagaon, Aryapalli, Kanamana and Podapadar – of Chhatrapur block in Ganjam district of Odisha. It discusses the allocation and expenditure of public finance by the respective local self-government (the GP). Part II of the series dives deep into the analysis of the nature of budgetary allocations made on water and sanitation in the same GPs.


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Citation Key87878




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