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TitleAnalysis of faecal sludge management in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé in Cameroon
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMougoué, B, Ngnikam, E, Wanko, A, Feumba, R, Noumba, I
Paginationp. 11 - 21; 9 fig.; 4 tab.
Date Published2012-12-01
PublisherEcoSan Club
Place PublishedVienna, Austria
Keywordscameroon douala, cameroon yaounde, faecal sludge management [FSM]

This article focuses on the management system of faecal sludge in the cities of Douala and Yaoundé in Cameroon. Just like in other African cities south of the Sahara in general, the management system of faecal sludge in these two metropolises in particular is characterised by the non- participation of public authorities (councils and the government). This activity is strictly handled by private operators whereby households and enterprises manifest the desire for the service on one hand and the corporations and intermediaries provide the services on the other hand. They function in disorder and their prices vary according to the status of the customer. Data collection was structured in such a way that the whole process could be understood from the start to the end passing through the intermediaries. To this effect, we proceeded to the counting of lorries at sewage emptying sites, enquiries on the scavengers and customers, direct observation on how its transportation is organized through the follow up of drivers during collection and transportation of faeces. This was followed by household enquiries living around each discharge site so as to evaluate their environmental and social impacts of the surrounding population. From this study, it can presently be affirmed that government and council intervention limit to tax collection where the money is not even used back in ameliorating the activity. Scavengers operate singly though the settling of police officers, demands of state agents and urban council workers will never cease to exist. In these two cities, the work of a scavenger necessitates organization and this can only be achieved through the reinforcement of legislation whereby they are grouped into an association in order to safeguard their interest. [authors abstract]

NotesWith 2 references
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