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Globally, school water and sanitation coverage both increased by six per cent between 2008 and 2013.

TitleAdvancing WASH in schools monitoring
Publication TypeWorking Paper
Year of Publication2015
Secondary TitleWorking paper
Pagination65 p. : 23 fig., 10 tab.
Date Published02/2015
Place PublishedNew York, NY, USA
Publication LanguageEnglish
Keywordshandwashing, international level, national level, sanitation, schools, statistics, water supply

This working paper presents the best data available for the coverage of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services in primary schools gathered from 149 countries for the period 2008-2013. It also compares current national WASH in Schools (WinS) monitoring indicators against global guidelines.

By providing this information the publication responds to the 2012 Call to Action, Raising Even More Clean Hands. It also aims to promote and support improved monitoring of WinS so that coverage indicators can be included in the forthcoming Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The key messages of the paper are:

  • More countries are reporting school water and sanitation coverage data each year
  • Globally, school water and sanitation coverage both increased by six per cent between 2008 and 2013
  • Hand-washing facility coverage is rarely reported
  • The quality of WinS coverage data is questionable, including poorly defined and inconsistent indicators
  • Many countries solicit WinS information through their Education Management Information System (EMIS) questionnaires
  • Sanitation is the most comprehensively monitored WinS component; hygiene is the least
  • WinS data captured in EMIS questionnaires are often underutilized

The paper concludes with recommendations for action for both the national and international levels.


Includes ref. Includes annexes on data sources, national WinS coverage estimates, scoring criteria for EMIS indicators and WASH indicators in national EMIS.

Citation Key79293


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