This study builds upon the Life-Cycle Cost Approach (LCCA) developed by IRC during its 4-year WASHCost project (2008-2012), which collected and disaggregated expenditure data over the full life-cycle of WASH services including costs per capita, costs per type of technology and comparing these to the services delivered to users. That information is used to improve cost effective and equitable service delivery.
The approach has been widely applied already in “regular settlements”. It was originally created and implemented in rural and peri-urban settings in four countries (Andhra Pradesh (India), Burkina Faso, Ghana and Mozambique) and applied since by governments, INGOs, bilateral aid agencies and IRC, adding up to over 80 organisations worldwide. Now the UNHCR (the UN Refugee Agency) has shown interest in adapting and applying the methodology in a refugee context. The methodology will be applied throughout 2014 in two refugee camps, most likely one in Ethiopia and one in Chad.