This paper focuses on budget allocations and expenditures by national, state and district authorities for Odisha State and Ganjam District (India).
|Title||Mapping public finance for rural drinking water and sanitation : Odisha State, Ganjam District (India)|
|Publication Type||Working Paper|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||van der Kerk, A|
|Pagination||iii, 25 p. : 9 fig., 13 tab.|
|Place Published||The Hague, The Netherlands|
The Government of India has set ambitious goals for rural drinking water and sanitation. Through two main flagship programmes, the Government aims to:
This working paper analyses how it aims to achieve these ambitious goals, specifically looking at the funding flows at national, state and district levels. For fiscal years 2014–15 to 2017–18, the Ministry’s investments in sanitation multiplied fivefold, but allocations to rural drinking water decreased by a third.
There are also concerns about the long-term sustainability of the current sanitation approach, as the programme emphasises construction of toilets at the expense of maintenance, behavioural change and waste management. In Odisha State, spending on water and sanitation - as a percentage of the state’s gross domestic product and as a percentage of the total state budget - has recently dropped. At the district level, financing of operations and maintenance is unclear, making it difficult to hold authorities to account for failing systems.
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