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Published on: 01/01/2010

SHAW was a 4.5 year project implemented across nine districts in eastern Indonesia to increase access to and use of toilets and improve hygiene practices. IRC has contributed to knowledge development and capacity building, particularly in the area of monitoring.

The SHAW programme runs from mid-2010 to end-2014 and aims to strengthen the capacity of local governments, private sector and other local stakeholders to effectively deliver sanitation and hygiene services in rural communities.

The Indonesian Ministry of Health's Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat (STBM) applies a community-based approach for implementing sanitation and hygiene programmes. The SHAW programme builds on this and wants to reach over 1.1 million people in more than 1,000 villages. It is the first-ever attempt, with the Government, to enable the scaling up of STBM in Indonesia.

The programme's specific aims are to sustain behaviour change in:

  • ending the practice of open defecation
  • handwashing with soap
  • household water treatment and safe storage
  • household solid waste management
  • household liquid waste management

Funding for the € 15.4 million programme is provided by the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Dutch NGO Simavi, five Indonesion NGOs - Yayasan Rumsram, Yayasan Dian Desa, Yayasan Masyarakat Peduli, CD-Bethesda, and Plan Indonesia - and the local communities. The programme is supported by IRC and other international organisatons.

SHAW introduced a new methodology for community-based monitoring to measure progress towards programme targets over time. Both output data (increased access and improved quality to sanitation and hygienic facilities such as toilets, handwashing facilities etc.) and outcome data (degree in changes in sanitation and hygiene behaviours and practices) are collected by the communities. The data is aggregated, analysed and then used at community, sub-district and district level.

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