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Published on: 10/07/2012

The sanitation life cycle covers all stages that human excreta pass in a sanitation services approach, to stop excreta to be a serious environmental health risk and a high economic burden. The stages are given in the table below and cover: containment, collection, treatment, disposal and use. An improved set of sanitation services covers all these stages.


Sanitation life cycle components

The sanitation services approach groups all components required to ensure that all elements of the sanitation chain are planned, implemented, used and replaced for full-cycle sanitation services to all.



A sanitation services approach does not replace already known and established parts of non-sewered sanitation programmes, such as Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), sanitation services delivery chain. Rather, it incorporates them in the wider context of planning and production loops. It is also worthwhile noting that the interventions need to be carried out with and not for the target populations. The components correspond with the organisation of this SanPack.

Link to materials referred to in the article providing more background information:

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