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Qualitative document analysis

Published on: 09/03/2015

IRC is using Qualitative Document Analysis (QDA) as a tool to measure change in the WASH sector. 

Using the QDA method documents are rigorously assessed to identify themes or issues. 

The analysis has three objectives:

  • To establish a baseline of sector policy for comparison with future policy changes;
  • To analyse the congruence between policy documents and practice-related documents (e.g. calls for proposals, project reports; and
  • To serve as an engagement tool, alongside interviews with the actors concerned.

In 2012 two reports using the Qualitative Document Analysis were published:

A review of policy documents from 11 major WASH donors and NGOs assessed agains 10 building blocks necessary to move towards sustainable services at scale.

This is a review of documents that reflect policy 'in action', such as final project reports and evaluations, from nine major WASH donors and NGOs.

In 2015 three more analysis documents were published reflecting on the International WASH sector, the WASH sector in Ghana and the WASH sector in Uganda:

This is a second analysis building on the policy document published in 2012. The results show that development partners' more recent WASH policy documents performed better than those analysed earlier, especially in relation to professionalisation of community management, recognition of alternative service provider options and regulation of rural services and service providers.

This report is the qualitative document analysis (QDA) of the uptake of service delivery concepts in national-level policy and operational documents between 2008 and 2014 in Ghana.

The outcome of the analysis of sector policy documents in Uganda shows that there is a slight improvement in addressing service delivery sustainability issues. Our results identify some discrepancies between what practitioners think should be standard and what is actually addressed in the policy.

Some more insights into the qualitative document analysis and what aspects have been considered can be found in this powerpoint presentation: