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Published on: 18/09/2013

Hygiene and Sanitation indicators – Nepali. RWSSP-WN

A municipality in western-central Nepal has been the first in the country to achieve Total Behaviour Change (TBC) in Hygiene and Sanitation. TBC refers to a set of water, sanitation and hygiene behaviours and practices that lead to long term community health improvements.

Dana VDC (Village Development Committee) in Myagdi District was  declared to have achieved TBC in Hygiene and Sanitation on 14 August, 2013. Certification was awarded by the District Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Coordination Committee (DWASHCC).

Myagdi is one the districts covered by the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project in Western Nepal (RWSSP-WN),  a bilateral development cooperation project funded by the governments of Nepal and Finland.

The TBC indicators used by the RWSSP-WN comply with the Total Sanitation approach adopted by Nepal in its 2011 Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan [1]:

  • All households should have access to toilets with proper use, and there is no open defecation
  • All institutions must have toilet access for men and women as well as handwashing facilities
  • All schools must have separate toilets for men/boys and women/girls as well as handwashing facilities
  • All institutional toilets must have access to all including differently abled children, youth, adults
  • All individuals practice key hygiene behaviors
  • General cleanliness is prevailing and sustained in the surroundings

RWSSP-WN has produced a training manual on Community Led Total Behavioural Change in Hygiene and Sanitation (CLTBCHS) for Nepal [2]. The CLTBCHS methodology was originally designed for Ethiopia by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) and USAID’s Hygiene Improvement Project (HIP)[3].

The RWSSP-WN has just entered its second and final phase, which runs from September 2013 to September 2018.  During this period the project will expand from nine to ten districts in  Mid-western and Western Nepal . The 21.66 million euro project is funded by the Governments of Nepal (26%) and Finland (66%)‚ communities (7%)‚ and Village Development Committees and District Development Committees (3%).

[1] Steering Committee for National Sanitation Action, 2011. Sanitation and Hygiene Master Plan. Kathmandu, Nepal, Government of Nepal. (Download below).

[2] Goudel, C, 2011. Community Led Total Behavioural Change in Hygiene and Sanitation (CLTBCHS) : lead TBC facilitator’s training manual. Pokhara, Nepal, Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project in Western Nepal (RWSSP-WN ).

[3] WSP and USAID/HIP, 2009. Training in Community-led Total Behavior Change in Hygiene and Sanitation : the Amhara Experience in line with the Health Extension Program : facilitator’s guide. Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, Amhara National Regional State Health Bureau. (Link below).

SourceRWSSP-WN; Finland to provide Rs 1.85 billion aid to water and sanitation, The Himalayan Times, 16 September 2013

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