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Published on: 29/06/2010

IRC has entered into a strategic partnership with SIMAVI to assist with the development of monitoring approach for sanitation and hygiene in nine districts in Indonesia. The Sanitation, Hygiene And Water project (SHAW) is a five-year project to assist nine districts in the poorest provinces of Nusa Tenggara Timur, Papua Barat and Papua, in the Eastern part of Indonesia.

The project starts in 2010 and is carried out within STBM, Indonesia's national programme for Community-Led Total Sanitation with five 'pillars' on sanitation and hygiene practices. Within STBM, SHAW is looking at further developing Indonesia's innovative approaches to promoting, monitoring and documenting behavioural change in sanitation and hygiene and building district and village capacities for developing, implementing and managing well-sustained district-wide sanitation and hygiene programmes.

SHAW is led by SIMAVI, a Dutch NGO. Indonesian project partners are (in alphabetic order): CD Bethesda, Plan Indonesia, Rumsram, UNICEF, WASTE and Yayasan Dian Desa (UDD). Progress and outcome in behavioural change will be monitored and shared at district, provincial and national level to reinforce sector management and for replication. The total budget of this five year programme is € 19 million of which € 8.1 is contributed by the Royal Netherlands Embassy and the remainder shared by the local communities, the local government and SIMAVI.

Within the partnership IRC is responsible for monitoring, capacity development and documentation support to the local NGOs. The work load over five years amounts to EUR 380,000.

Better local monitoring system needed

Indonesia has created a country-wide rural sanitation, STBM (Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat) a national Community -Led Total Sanitation programme, with five behavioural "pillars" on sanitation and hygiene. As yet, there is no good monitoring system. The monitoring observed in the field was a government reporting system. The community health worker (CHW) at the local health post updates a list of who has built or upgraded toilets in the last month and passes the data to the community level. The health centre official enters and aggregates the data in an electronic data sheet for the whole community (but still organised by hamlet). The data sheet is the typical government reporting sheet, which does not encourage local analysis. Village leaders currently do not use the data for analysing trends, comparing performance between hamlets etc. although technically this is possible.

The government of Indonesia and UNICEF expect that the SHAW programme will contribute to a different and better kind of monitoring system for sanitation and hygiene. In a first workshop the indicators and outline of the monitoring system were agreed.

Inception phase follow-up

The SHAW partners have agreed to organise three programme workshops in the inception phase:
- a three-day practical planning workshop with staff from the implementing NGOs on selection of villages, criteria, facilitation, funds etc. that should result in a Project Implementation Document;
- a 10-day institutional workshop on concepts and strategy of promotion of sanitation and hygiene with NGOs and district representatives, which should result in an implementation plan;
- a review workshop of the draft inception report.

As part of our learning and sharing role in the project IRC have established a bilingual internal project site and produced a CD with all materials and photos. Indonesian partners take care of translations.
IRC will also contribute to the development of a new participatory monitoring system for STBM, and support Indonesian counterparts in implementation of the monitoring system and development of tools for  implementing STBM at scale.

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