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Cities in Indonesia accelerate sanitation development with technical assistance from DHV/MLD and IRC

Published on: 20/03/2012

Indonesia’s commitment to the MDGs and a World Bank report on the negative economic impacts of poor sanitation placed urban sanitation firmly on the Indonesian government agenda from 2006 onwards.

Indonesia’s commitment to the MDGs and a World Bank report on the negative economic impacts of poor sanitation placed urban sanitation firmly on the Indonesian government agenda from 2006 onwards. The first programme, Indonesia Sanitation Strategy Development Program (ISSDP, 2006-2010) led to the establishment of the Sanitation Technical Team (TTPS), a grouping of 8 Ministries with responsibilities regarding sanitation, with BAPPENAS as the lead agency.

In 2009, TTPS launched a challenging programme to accelerate and scale up urban sanitation planning and investments country-wide. Percepatan Pembangunan Sanitasi Permukiman or PPSP stands for Accelerated Sanitation Development for Human Settlements. PPSP runs from 2010 to 2014 and ultimately targets 330 cities. The goals are:

  • Freedom from open defecation through a mix of sanitation approaches and infrastructures
  • At-source reduction of waste generation by 20% via the ‘3Rs’ (Reduce, Re-use, Recycle) and more environmentally-friendly waste management in 240 cities
  • Reduced flooding / water ponding

The Urban Sanitation Development Program (USDP) provides technical assistance to PPSP. Financial support comes from the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. USDP’s role is to facilitate and further strengthen Government of Indonesia institutions for PPSP at the national, provincial and, indirectly, at the municipal level. USDP will further support the TTPS in its development of a national sanitation strategy and in the convincing of national budget holders and international donors to invest in sanitation based on the integrated plans prepared by the city authorities. IRC cooperates with the Indonesian consultants in providing technical assistance to the Ministry of Health for the health, gender and poverty aspects of the programme. IRC together with DHV/MLD provides technical assistance to the USDP. The team for advice on advocacy and community empowerment is based at the Department of Environmental Health of the Ministry of Health.

In 2011, IRC contributed to the adjustment of the design and training for the Environmental Health Risk Assessment (EHRA) study and the development of Community-Led Total Sanitation (STBM in Bahasa Indonesia) for low-income urban neighbourhoods. The EHRA study enables the cities to carry out their baseline studies, develop their sanitation strategies and implementation plans, and monitor and account for change. Support activities requested by the Ministry of Health and TTSP in 2011 have been to streamline the EHRA sampling procedures, questionnaires and observation sheets, develop a Training of Trainers programme and design a system to aggregate data across components and neighbourhoods within and across cities.

In 2012 school sanitation will be included in the sanitation strategy processes of the cities. IRC assisted in drafting a baseline study for the newly initiated school component and will provide support in preparing the training module for implementing that component. IRC will also contribute to further development and testing of the urban STBM approach.