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|Title||Business analysis of fecal sludge management : emptying and transportation services in Africa and Asia|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Chowdhry, S., and Kone, D.|
|Edition||Draft Final Report|
|Pagination||116 p.; 47 fig.; 22 tab.|
|Publisher||Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation|
|Place Published||Seattle, WA, USA|
This study was initiated and funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to map the urban sanitation situation and assesses business and operating models for fecal sludge management in 30 cities across 10 countries in Africa and Asia, specifically focussing on the extraction and transportation market segments. The study was carried out in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria and Senegal in Africa and Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Malaysia and Viet Nam in South/Southeast Asia.
Using a common analytical framework, teams of local consultants in each of the ten countries gathered users’ perspectives through 13,000 household surveys and the collected data on the financial and business models of 150 emptying service providers. This report presents the comparative analysis based on these data from those surveys.
A majority of households (5.6 million households) in the 30 cities use on-site sanitation facilities. Households spend only a small percentage of their income, on average less 4%, on emptying services. About one third of surveyed households (2 million households) rely on manual emptying for sludge management.
The total available market for emptying services across the 10 cities is an estimated US$ 134 million.
Some regional trends were seen in the business operations between Africa and Asia:
A general finding was that the size of the fleet was the only factor that had a clear and strong correlation to profitability of the business - two or more trucks were needed to become profitable. There was also a lack of support systems necessary to create sustainable and profitable businesses.
The report presents several recommendations to realise the potential of the US$ 134 million market for emptying services, including:
|Notes||With bibliography on p. 115 - 116|
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