Elle se divise en deux semestres. Au second semestre, les étudiants choisissent viagra viagra france une ou des UE spécifique(s) à une filière, en plus de la formation commune. Le redoublement de cette première année n'est autorisé qu'une seule fois. À la suite de deux échecs à ce concours, il est alors définitivement impossible de se représenter sauf dérogation exceptionnelle.
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Find out about what IRC is doing and what is going on in the world of water, sanitation and hygiene.
"We went back to where it all started: the Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Energy of the Government of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa," says IRC's Ton Schouten. This week the monitoring book ' From Infrastructure to Services' was launched in Ethiopia. In the coming 4 years, IRC will keep supporting the...
IRC was asked by DGIS to support the Netherlands Enterprise Agency with the introduction of sustainability instruments as part of the second round of the Sustainable Water Fund. Another example of how DGIS is taking sustainability of investments in the WASH sector seriously.
The Tanzanian Ministry of Water has adopted the Technology Applicability Framework (TAF) to help make water and sanitation services sustainable. Tanzania is now the seventh country to use this innovative tool, which was developed by the IRC-led WASHTech project.
"What kind of sanitation facilities should be provided when treating Ebola? Can anyone suggest a low cost water filter for individual household that can remove iron as well as arsenic? I'm looking for studies evaluating the benefits (health, social, environmental) of running water at home vs. water...
"World Water Day is the most important day of the year," said Minister of Infrastructure and Environment Melanie Schultz van Haegen during the Dutch World Water Day event on Friday 20 March 2015 in Amsterdam. "In fact, it is World Water Day every day", she said.
Behaviour change communication is essential in making water and sanitation campaigns successful. Bhutan has high coverage rates, basic sanitation coverage of 95 percent, improved sanitation coverage of 60 percent and 97 percent access to safe drinking water, but despite these good figures diarrhoea...
This experiment reviewed current monitoring indicators and developed and tested a new monitoring framework designed to be implemented by rural water stakeholders so that they can identify and address problems as they arise at the district level.
This experiment consisted of a study to assess the significance, efficacy and sustainability of the learning alliance approach in influencing learning and adaptive capacity in the rural water sector in Ghana.
IRC/Triple-S Uganda has worked with the Ministry of Water and Environment to develop a learning and coordination model aimed at improving continuous joint learning throughout the rural water sector to promote innovations and address underlying challenges of service delivery.
To provide ongoing services, local governments need to systematically address the full range of costs, beyond construction of water facilities. This experiment supported districts to apply the life-cycle costs approach and asset management, so that their water and sanitation plans and budgets would...
One of the key challenges facing the water and sanitation sector is the lack of coordination among stakeholders. This experiment identified and sought to address drivers and barriers towards a coordinated sector-wide approach for sustainable water services in Ghana.
Based on a review of the costs of 179 water and sanitation projects carried out by FHIS (Honduran Social Investment Fund) over the last five years, we established the unit cost ranges for different intervention models. We also identified the main factors driving the costs of water and sanitation...
Water For People, IRC and Aguaconsult have developed a set of tools to support the financial planning to reach Everyone Forever with water services. These tools were validated in the municipalities of Tiraque and Araní in Bolivia.
One out of three rural water supply systems in developing countries doesn’t function at all or performs far below its promised level. How do you go from broken pumps and failing systems to reliable and lasting water services?